The city is recognized as the Fundão urban core for more than eight centuries.
Between the 16th and 18th centuries, Fundão lived one of the most prosperous periods in its history, when mercantile expansion of textile and wool industry, which was not unrelated to the arrival in the late 15th century, of numerous Jewish families from Spain and later, the initiatives of the Count of Ericeira and the Marquis de Pombal, who founded the Royal Factory - Fábrica Real - here, in the building that is now the Town Hall - Câmara Municipal.
In front of the Tílias park – Parque das Tílias , visit the chapel Porch of the Holy Spirit, which dates back to 1578. Following the Rua Adolfo Portela one arrives at the Largo do Chafariz das Oito Bicas. After going down a narrow pedestrian street called Rua da Cale, Jewish heritage can be easily found, since that after the 16th century, they made this street the most active and commercial in Fundão. In the Largo Alfredo da Cunha square, lies the parish church in baroque style, rebuilt in the 18th century on the older primitive Romanesque temple. On this same square, there can be found two ancient noble houses, called "Solares", built in the 18th, one of which with two crests, namely the Chapel of Mercy – Capela da Misericódia – a 16th century chapel and the building of the former Hospital. The Rua Agostinho Fevereiroleads to the square called Praça do Município, having in its center the Pelourinho and in front, the Municipal Museum. The Avenida da Liberdade is the city's Civic Center. It is a journey through the countryside of Cova da Beira, through its centuries old treasures and today’s gifts, following the inner heart of the Zêzere shale slopes on the Gardunha Moutains, discovering linen’s ancient secrets in Janeiro de Cima village and taking up the route from the Alcongosta area, during Spring time, to meet the amazing cherry blossom route.
Castelo Novo, one of the most admirable historical villages of Portugal, is located on a gorge on the Gardunha Mountain has a little rock castle, built by D. Dinis in the 13th century. The central square Praça dos Paços do Concelho shows the Manueline style pillory and at the top, the building and the bell tower of the old 17th century Town Hall - Paços do Concelho , decorated with an amazing 18th century Joanina style fountain. In Lagariça square lies a "lagareta", which is a medieval wine press carved in stone that marks old habits of community life, and there is always the charm of the houses that seem to be part of the rocks.